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The first xerox copy was made by former Bell Telephone physicist Chester F. Carlson. He uses a sulphur coating on a zinc plate, vigorously rubbed with a handkerchief to apply an electrostatic charge. In the meantime, a glass slide was prepared using India ink. The slide was laid on the sulphur surface in a darkened room and illuminated with a bright incandescent lamp for a few seconds. Carlson removed the slide and lycopodium powder was sprinkled on the sulphur surface and blown off, leaving a near-perfect image of the message “10-22-38 ASTORIA,”. Permanent copies are then made by transferring the powder images to wax paper and heating the sheets to melt the wax. Carlson call this new science “xerography” which means “dry writing.” Xerography in the form of the Xerox machine won’t be commercially available for another twenty-one years.
IBM 1620 IBM releases the IBM 1620 data processing system, a small, transistorized inexpensive scientific computer that can perform more than 100,000 calculations a minute. Approximately two thousand units will be sold before the system will be withdrawn from the market on November 19, 1970.
Texas Instruments (TI) announces that it will sell a new line of four small business desktop computers, with 64KB RAM. Price: US$6,200 - US$9,900.
Two top BankAmerica Corp. executives quit after being asked to resign in an action related to data processing problems that cost the company an estimated US$25 Million. The two men were held responsible for problems in converting to a new computerized accounting system for the bank’s trust department last March. A bank spokesman said the conversion to a new system, called MasterNet, disrupted data processing records to the extent that BankAmerica is frequently unable to produce or deliver customer statements on a timely basis. However, no customer information was irreperably lost.
Belgian Prime Minister Wilfried Martens on Friday ordered an investigation into reports that a computer hacker rummaged through his electronic files and those of other Cabinet members. An unknown man, using a personal computer has allegedly been browsing Martens’ electronic mail and other items for three months, including classified information about the killing of a British soldier by the Irish Republican Army in Ostend in August.
Borland International announces that it is transferring future development of the Paradox database program to Corel.
The Internet International Ad Hoc Committee (IAHC), a coalition of participants including the Internet Architecture Board (IAB), Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), International Trademark Association (INTA), Internet Society (ISOC), International Telecommunication Union (ITU), and World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), forms to decide upon and recommend policy and procedure changes for administering generic top-level domain (gTLDs), including .aero, .biz, .com, .edu, .gov, .info, .net, .org, and .travel. The group will ultimately issue the “Memorandum of Understanding,” which details the administration of top-level domains (TLDs), and recommend the creation of seven new domains: .arts, .firm, .info, .nom, .rec, .store, and .web. The organization will be dissolved on May 1, 1997.
Sega releases the Net Link modem and Internet web browser, a US$200 plug-in adapter for the Sega Saturn. With the release, Sega announces that it will develop Internet-based games for the Net Link by March using Catapult’s XBAND game networking technology.
Intel releases a 120MHz mobile Pentium with MMX technology, designed for very small notebook computers. Price: US$177
Microsoft releases BackOffice Small Business Server 4.0. The software includes Windows NT Server 4.0 SP3, Exchange Server 5.0 SP1, IIS 3.0, SQL Server 6.5 SP3, Proxy Server 1.0, Internet Explorer 3.02 or 4.01, and Outlook 97.
Crack dot Com closes operations and publicly posts the source code for Golgotha, the unfinished 3D game that it had been developing for more than two years. Knowledge Adventure ships JumpStart Typing, a typing tutorial for children. Price: $29.99
Amazon announces that they have filed a suit against BarnesandNoble.com alleging that they have infringed on a patent for “1-Click” express checkout technology. One-click buying, refers to the technique of allowing customers to make online purchases with a single click, with the payment information needed to complete the purchase already entered by the user previously.
Bleem! releases version 1.5 of the Bleem! PlayStation emulator is released. This version delivers improved compatibility for over seventy games.
Sony Electronics introduces the Sony Clié PEG-T415 handheld computer in the US, featuring the Palm OS 4.1, 8MB RAM, a Memory Stick slot, a 2.8-inch diagonal 320×320 pixel backlit monochrome display, an infrared port, and a USB HotSync cradle. Price: US$300 Version 7.2 of the Red Hat Linux operating system, Enigma, is released.
Version 8.3 of the Tcl/Tk programming language is released.
The first version of the BLAG Linux distribution is released. BLAG is a single-CD distribution with the applications desktop users “expect” from an operating system, including graphics, internet, and multimedia applications.
Version 8.4.1 of the Tcl/Tk programming language is released.
Apple Computer discontinues the iBook G3, which had featured the PowerPC G3 processor.
The UseBB project is founded by Dietrich Moerman. UseBB is an open source forum system written in the PHP 4 scripting language using MySQL.
Version 2 (v1.4.2_02) of the Java programming language is released.
Tiger Telematics releases the Gizmondo handheld video game system in the US, featuring a ARM 9 400 MHz processor, a GeForce 3D 4500 Nvidia graphics accelerator, the Microsoft Windows CE operating system, a USB port, Global Positioning Sensor, a digital camera, Bluetooth wireless, a SecureDigital card slot, a 2.8-inch TFT color screen. The device supports MP3 audio and MPEG-4 video, email, and instant messaging. Price: US$399 or US$229 with daily downloaded advertisements
Roomates – a MySpace Original Series – Debuted
The European Regulators, or EU struck a deal with Microsoft in the antitrust case. Microsoft agreed to let competing software developers use their interoperability information, with royalties being reduced to 10 thousand euros. Also the worldwide license would be reduced in price.
Dell announces it will sell PC’s at Staples locations
Google.org announces $14.8 million in grants aimed at preventing disease outbreaks in Southeast Asia and Africa.
Federal judge orders Oracle to give a specific dollar amount in lawsuit over handling of third-party data for ex-Oracle customers who switched over to its archrival.
Microsoft launched the Windows7 Operating System to Manufacturing. Many new features to the browser, including handwriting recognition, support for virtual disks and multiple core processing. Codename: First Blackcomb, then Vienna. On that same day, Microsoft tries their hand at the rumor mill by talking about Windows 8.
Microsoft also launches Server 2008 R2 to Manufacturing.