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The discovery of the charmed quark subatomic particle is announced simultaneously by the two American experimental groups responsible. The first is a group at Brookhaven National Laboratory, and the other is a group at the Stanford Linear Accelerator Center. This new particle has a mass of 3095 MeV and a lifespan about one thousand times longer than that of other particles with a comparable mass. In 1976, the scientists leading the two groups, Samuel Ting and Burton Richter, are awarded the Nobel Prize in physics.
Panasonic introduces The Link handheld computer, the size of a small book, with a keyboard but no display. It can be hooked up to a television or to a host computer via a telephone dial-up connection. Price: US$500 - $600.
Activision lays off many of its staff, due to the decrease in demand for home video game machines and cartridges.
Fred Cohen, a doctoral student at the University of Southern California, presents the first documented virus, created as an experiment in computer security, to a security seminar. Others had written about the potential for creating malicious programs, but Cohen is the first to create a working example. In a paper, he defines a virus as a program that can ‘infect’ other programs by modifying them to include a … version of itself. Cohen added his virus to a graphics program called VD, written for a Vax mini-computer. The virus hid inside VD and used the permissions users had to look at other parts of the Vax computer to spread around the system.
In what will be considered the most elaborate product introduction in industry history, William Henry Gates, III of Microsoft formally announces Microsoft Windows for the IBM PC at the Helmsley Palace Hotel in New York City. The new operating system’s major features are to include drop-down menus, tiled windows, mouse support, and cooperative multitasking among applications. Gates promises that the system will be release in April 1984; however, Windows 1.0 won’t actually be released until 1985. He also predicts that by the end of 1984, Windows will be used on over ninety percent of all IBM compatible computers.
Atari exhibits a large booth at the entrance of the Comdex trade show in Las Vegas. The booth is staffed by Atari personnel and sixty-five third-party developers who share fourty demonstration stations. New products demonstrated at the booth include a US$59 monitor box from JNL Industries, a touch screen system from Video Touch, and a US$99.95 SX212 1200 baud modem from Atari. The booth’s theme is Atari Means Business.
da Vinci's Codex LeicesterThe Codex Leicester, a manuscript of scientific notes written by Leonardo da Vinci, is sold at auction. It is the last of da Vinci’s thrity known journals still privately owned, and it is sold to Microsoft chairman Bill Gates for US$30.8 million.
The Apple Power Macintosh G3At worldwide Apple Event, Apple Computer introduces the Power Macintosh G3 computer, featuring a 233 or 266 MHz PowerPC 750 processor, a 66MHz system bus, a 4GB hard drive, 32MB SDRAM, a 512KB cache, and a 24X CD-ROM drive. At the same event, the company announces that it will establish a chain of retailers knowns as the Apple Store, and it unveils an agreement made with CompUSA to establish a Apple store within the store at CompUSA locations across the country. Within twenty-four fours, Apple will report a half million dollars of sales through the Apple Store. Visit the Apple Store’s official website. Price: US$1,999
Hewlett-Packard releases the HP 360LX handheld computer, featuring a Hitachi 60 MHz SH-3 processor, 8MB RAM, 10MB ROM, a 640×240 pixel grayscale display, and the Windows CE 2.0 operating system. Price: US$699
Hitachi announces the 200MHz SuperH SH-4 processor. The unit will go into production in summer 1998. Price: US$40 in quantities of 10,000
IBM announces the world’s highest capacity desktop PC disk drive with new breakthrough technology called Giant Magnetoresistive (GMR) heads. Pioneered by scientists at IBM Research, GMR heads will be used in a new 16.8GB hard drive for the IBM Deskstar 16GP. This new hard drive has more storage capacity than any other computer. No bigger than the head of a pin, the GMR head is a major advancement over the standard magnetoresistive head.
WorldCom and MCI Communications announces a US$37 billion merger, the largest merger in US history. On September 15, 1998 the new company, MCI WorldCom, opened for business.
Yahoo! launches Yahoo! Travel.
Yahoo!surpasses twenty-five million registered US users.
Reuters news service reports that an Intel executive testified that Microsoft Corporation’s, Bill Gates, threatened to withdraw his company’s $500 million in computer chip technology unless Intel abandoned a pending software project. It is some of the most dramatic testimony to date in the Microsoft anti-trust trial, which is in its fourth week.
The Compaq Computer Corporation unveils a computer targeted for corporate Internet users called the iPac. Price: US$499
The Japanese Fair Trade Commission raids thirty Sega of Japan facilities including the company’s headquarters in Tokyo, Japan. According to later statements made by officials, the raids are focused on reports that Sega may have been involved in illegal price fixing practices.
Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) lures two Russians, Alexey Vladimirovich Ivanov and Vasiliy Gorshkov, to Seattle, Washington for what is purported to be a job interview with a shady tech firm. Just hours after landing at SeaTac Airport, Ivanov and Gorshkov were arrested and charged with conspiracy, computer fraud, hacking, and extortion. The arrests are the beginning of the agency’s crackdown on the proliferation of hackers that operate outside US jurisdiction in Romania, Russia, and the Ukraine. Read a more in-depth account of the incident at LegalAffairs.org.
Version 4.79 of the Netscape Communicator web browser is released.
By the end of the first day after the initial public release of the Firefox web browser, the application has been downloaded over one million times.
The full genome of the California purple sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus) is published and is discovered to contain many novel genes as well as many analogous gene commonly found among vertebrates.
The NASA spacecraft Cassini records a hurricane-like storm on the south pole of Saturn. It is the first time such an event has been observed on another planet.
Circuit City files Chapter 11 protechtion bankruptcy
AT&T debuts Videocrawler - a video search site
Al Gore shows off a 5 step plan for a Carbon-Free world by 2019
It is discovered that hundreds of Administer-less groups were being hijacked on Facebook by a group called "Control Your Info". The group puts out a statement it only did this to show people how social media can get hacked.
Amazon debuted Kindle for PC
Apple released update to OS X - 10.6.5 improves graphic drivers, OpenType font management and networking issues.
Amazon pulls the e-book "The Pedophile's Guide to Love and Pleasure" after public outcry.