Yesterday - Tomorrow - Day In Tech History
English mathematician Alan Turing, who will later widely be recognized as the father of computer science, eats an Apple soaked in cyanide and commits suicide at the age of forty-two. Turing’s suicide comes after his arrest and conviction for “Gross Indecency” arising from the discovery of his sexual affair with another man. Turing, who had been was forced to undergo a series of estrogen treatments following the conviction, had spiraled deeper and deeper into depression.
The first Legoland Park, featuring expansive cityscapes modeled in Lego bricks, is opened in Billund, Denmark. The theme park will attract 625,000 visitors within a year. Visit the official Lego website.
Sony releases the first home videocassette recorder, the Betamax, Betamax in Japan. The media format is proprietary. In the following year JVC will introduce a competing system called the Video Home System (VHS).
Michael D. Eaton is granted a patent for the AT Command Set for Modems, which standardizes a language for interacting with modems. (US No. 4,387,440) The rights for this command set will be purchased by the Hayes Corporation and incorporated into the Hayes Smartmodem 300 as the “Hayes Command Set.” The sprotocol will become an industry standard used for years to come.
Commodore International introduces the Executive 64, formerly the Commodore SX-100. The system features a 1Mhz MOS Technology 6510 CPU, 64KB RAM, a six inch 16-color monitor, a built-in 1541 floppy drive, two Atari standard joystick sockets, a sixty-six key detachable keyboard, and the Commodore BASIC 2.0 operating system. The Executive 64, which is also known as the VIP-64 in Europe, is the first color portable computer. Download schematics for the SX-64. Price: US$995 Weight: 23lb (10.5 kg)
In the case of United States v. Microsoft, International Business Machines (IBM) executive Garry Norris offers dramatic testimony as to the laundry list of monopolistic abuses perpetrated by Microsoft in the mid-nineties. According to Norris, who was one of IBM’s chief negotiators, alleges that Microsoft pressured IBM to stop shipping its own OS/2 operating system and a number of business applications which directly competed with Microsoft Office, including Lotus and SmartSuites.
Microsoft also attempted to force IBM into leaving the Netscape web browser off of its systems in exchange for a lower price on Windows.
United States District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson orders the breakup of Microsoft into two companies, one for the development of operating systems and the other for the development of other applications. Microsoft immediately announces that it will file an appeal of the judgment.
v. 2.2.16 of Linux OS is released