John von Neumann introduces the concept of a stored program in the first draft of a report on the Electronic Discrete Variable Automatic Computer (EDVAC) is published. Brian RanDell notes, “It is generally accepted that the first documented discussion … of the advantages of using just one large internal memory, in which instructions as well as data could be held, was the draft report on EDVAC written by Von Neumann.” The draft report contains a description of the planned machine and the reasoning behind the various design decisions. The stored-program computer will subsequently become known as “von Neumann architecture”.
The first US atomic bomb (named “Able) is dropped as a part of Operation Crossroads. A US Air Force B-29 Superfortress, named Dave’s Dream, is used to deliver the bomb, which is dropped over the Bikini Lagoon in the Pacific Ocean onto a target group of seventy-three ships placed there for the purpose. The explosion causes a 520 foot burst. The Gilliam and Carlisle transport ships are sunk, and eighteen other ships are damaged.
The point-contact transistor is first publicly demonstrated by its inventors, John Bardeen and Walter Brattain, scientists at the Bell Telephone Laboratory in Murray Hill, New Jersey. It is a simple, tiny device utilizing the electronic semiconducting properties of a germanium wafer. The transistor represents a significant advance in technology. As it is developed over the next few years, it will become the successor to the vacuum tube.
Telephone recording devices are first authorized for public use within the US. To comply with Federal Communications Commission regulations, when the devices are being used, a periodic “beep” signals those on the telephone line that their conversations are being recorded.
The Tandy Corporation converts the preferred Radio Shack stocks acquired in 1964 to common stock and exercises their option to acquire additional shares of common stock. The Tandy Corporation now owns eighty-five percent of the outstanding shares of stock for the Radio Shack Corporation. Read more about the history of the Tandy Corporation.
IBM announces that, effective January 1, 1970, it will begin to unbundle (charge separately for) some of its software, effectively ending its customers’ expectation that they would always be able to get all the software they needed from IBM for free.
IBM announces the IBM System/370 (S/370) mainframe as the successors to the System/360 line. The new architectural introduces standard dual-processor capability, full support for virtual memory, and a 128-bit floating point arithmetic.
Texas Instruments terminates 750 jobs in its TI 99/4A manufacturing plants.
Mark Caesar, age 14, and Robin Hallingstad, age 16, file a suit against Atari Games Corp. for US$1 million plus profits alleging that the company stole the idea for a video game that was marketed by the name of PaperBoy. The boys had submitted a detailed proposal for a similar game to Atari in July 1983.
Michael R. Hallman takes over the role of president and chief operating officer of Microsoft as Jon Shirley retires.
IBM closes its only factory-outlet store after more than two years of operation in Morrisville, North Carolina. The company states that telesales overwhelm the storefront operation.
Hackers launch a Denial of Server (DoS) on Microsoft NT server with header packets.
Yahoo! launches Yahoo! Real Estate.
A young male juvenile, referred to as John Doe in court documents, pleads guilty to having stolen more than five hundred American Online AOL users’ passwords. Prosecutors allege the boy sent Trojan Horse programs to AOL members via e-mail. Once recipients open the files, a program begins capturing keystrokes, including passwords, and emailing the data back to the sender.
According to a study, Eighty-four percent of retail office suite sales for the past six months have been generated by Microsoft products. Seventy-seven percent of retail operating system sales for the past six months have been generated by Microsoft products. Twenty-three percent of retail software sales revenues for the past six months have been generated by Microsoft products. National Semiconductor announces it will exit the computer processor market.
VIA Technologies of Taiwan announces that it will acquire National’s Cyrix division from National Semiconductor of California.
Dr. Alan Chow and his brother, Vincent Chow, an electrical engineer, announce that they have successfully implanted silicon microchips beneath human retinas. The chip is smaller than the head of a pin and about half the thickness of a sheet of paper. It contains about 3,500 microscopic solar cells to convert light into electrical signals to replace damaged photoreceptors within the retina of a previously damaged eye.
Microsoft Corporation reveals that a spam message warning to Hotmail users that threatens to cancel their accounts is a hoax. The email claims to be from a Jon Henerd from Hotmail’s Administration Department, and it threatens to cancel users accounts if the email is not forwarded to someone as an act to prove the account is being used.
United States President William Jefferson Clinton uses an electronic card and his dog’s name as a password to “e-sign” a new bill into law that makes such electronic signatures legally binding in contracts.
The US consulting firm Gartner reports that approximately one billion personal computers (PC) have been shipped worldwide since the mid-seventies. The billionth PC was likely shipped in April.
Activision sues Viacom, alleging that its ten-year exclusive deal to produce Star Trek video games is depreciating in value due to Viacom’s neglect of the franchise. The total sales of video game hardware and software in the US since the beginning of the year totals US$3.5 billion.
Version 7.1 of Netscape, a proprietary cross-platform Internet suite, is released.
Version 9.0 of Maple, a general-purpose commercial mathematics software package, is released.
Java 2 (v1.4.2_05) is released.
Let’s call this an Aspiring yet not so bright theif. They walk into Wal Mart. They switch the tags on a 42 inch Flat Screen. They then go to the checkout counter. $5 for a 42 inch TV. Yep. He was nabbed. Greenpeace says that Apple and Lenovo are Greener Electronics and Sony is not so green.
This was suppose to be the last day you could purchase a copy of Windows XP. Of course that idea failed as Vista never was seen as a solid OS.
CBS completed the 1.8 billion dollar acquisition of CNet.
Apple releases 10.5.4 of the Leopard OS
Mozilla releases Firefox 3.5 web browser.
Yahoo! Announces they will be closing Maven Networks, a video serving technology. Yahoo paid $160 million for the company in 2008.
Joost announces they will no longer be offering consumer service. They will focus on commercial video.
Twitter rolls out Lists – to organize followers better.
Swedish company Global Gaming Factory X announces they will be buying the Pirate Bay for $7.76 million. The transaction did not complete as one week before the transaction was to take place, GGF’s stock was shut down for suspected insider trading.