Yesterday - Tomorrow - Day In Tech History
Christopher Latham Sholes, Carlos Glidden, and Samuel W. Soule of Milwaukee, Wisconsin receive a patent for an invention called a “Type-Writer.” (US No. 79,265) It only had capital letters and fit in a box about two feet square and six inches high. The typists couldn’t tell if they were making errors because the paper can’t be seen as typing. It is described as an improvement upon their earlier type-writing machine, which they had filed an application for on October 11, 1867. The new features are “a better way of working the type-bars, of holding paper on the carriage, of holding, applying, and moving the inking-ribbon, a self-adjusting platen, and a rest or cushion for the type-bars to follow.”
John Mauchly met J. Presper Eckert, Jr., when he began Working at the Moore School. Of course, both will eventually create the ENIAC 
Texas Instruments, Inc. (TI) dedicates their Semiconductor Building located along North Central Expressway in Dallas, Texas. The ceremonial opening is marked by cutting a red ribbon across the entrance with a high-voltage arc which was activated by a “beep” from the United States satellite Vanguard.
A patent is issued to Jack St. Clair Kilby for his invention of “Miniaturized Electronic Circuits,” which will later be known as Integrated Circuits (IC). (US No. 3,138,743) The patent application was originally filed on February 6, 1959, and he will assign it to his employer, Texas Instruments (TI). With it, he creates a new method of reducing the space taken up by an electronic circuit by which “all components of an entire electronic circuit are integrated into the body of semiconductor material.” Geoffrey W.A. Dummer had also conceived of such a device years earlier, but he never completed a working device. A few months after Kilby’s demonstration in 1964, an IC device in an improved form will be independently invented by Robert Noyce.
Paul V. Mockapetris and Jonathan Bruce Postel of the University of Southern California run the first successful test of their automated Domain Name System, which allows users to use human-readable names for machines instead of needing to use the machine’s physical address. Read a brief history of the Domain Name System at Harvard Law.
The Nintendo 64 video game console is launched in Japan. It features 64-bit 93.75 MHz MIPS R4000 Series RISC main processor, 64-bit 62.5 MHz graphics and sound coprocessor, 4.5 MB of RAM, 32-bit color at 640×480 resolution, and four control ports. Reportedly, 300,000 units sell off shelves the first day and virtually as many SUPER MARIO 64 cartridges are sold. 1.3 million units will be sold by the end of the year, as many as Sony’s PlayStation sold in the whole of 1995. Price: 25,000 yen
Eastman Kodak Co. and Motorola Inc. announces a technology partnership to develop new lightweight, inexpensive digital cameras. The move is an effort to compete with Japanese rivals.
The WM/Poly-Poster macro virus is detected. The virus takes victim’s Microsoft Word documents and posts them to public bulletin boards.
The US Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia overturns an injunction that had prohibited Microsoft from requiring computer makers that license its Windows 95 operating system to also use its Microsoft Internet Explorer browser. The Department of Justice sought the preliminary injunction last October, and it was granted by U.S. District Judge Thomas Penfield Jackson on December 11. However, the appeals court, by a 2-to-1 decision, tossed out the earlier decision, citing several procedural and sustantive errors.
AMD announces that it will market the processor code-named K7 as the Athlon processor. The name was chosen by AMD as short for “decathlon.” Athlon was the ancient Greek word for “Champion/trophy of the games.” The company announces that it has started shipping 500 to 600MHz processors to computer manufacturers. This processors feature a 512 KiB Level 2 Cache and a 200 MT/s front side bus.
Apple releases version 1.0 of the web browser called Safari, which Steve jobs had announced on January 7, 2003.
Intel releases the 3.2 GHz Pentium 4 processor, featuring hyper-threading, and system bus up to 800 MHz. Price: US$637
Microsoft releases its mobile computing operating system, Windows Mobile 2003. It comes in four editions: “Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC Premium Edition,” “Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC Professional Edition,” “Windows Mobile 2003 for Smartphone,” and “Windows Mobile 2003 for Pocket PC Phone Edition.” Code-name: Ozone
In San Jose, California, Apple Computer holds its Worldwide Developers’ Conference, over five days. Apple Computer announces new Power Mac G5 computers with Power PC 970 processors operating at up to 2GHz. The computers are scheduled to be available in August. Steve Jobs also shows a new version of the Mac OS X 10.3, code-named Panther. The G5 is marketed as both the “fastest personal computer ever” and the “first 64 bit personal computer.” Both claims, however, are debatable.
Version 0.3 of Miranda IM, a minimalistic open source multiprotocol instant messenger designed for Microsoft Windows, is released.
Google acquires a 2.6% stake in Baidu, the leading Chinese search engine, for US$5 million. Baidu can search websites, audio files, and images. It also has a collaborative encyclopedia similar to Wikipedia, and a searchable keyword-based discussion forum.
Intel releases the Pentium M 715 and Pentium M 725 processors with speeds of 1500 and 1600MHz respectively, featuring 2048KiB Level 2 Caches and 400MT/s front side buses. Price: US$209 and US$241 respectively
Yahoo!changes its instant messaging language again to prevent third-party services, such as Trillian, from accessing its service. As in previous statements, the company claims that the block is intended to be a preemptive measure against spammers. Cerulean Studios released a few patches to fix the issues within a day or two.
The Mozilla Foundation announces that Firefox 1.1 (which will become Firefox 1.5) and other new Mozilla products will no longer support Mac OS X v10.1. This decision is intended to improve the quality of Firefox releases on Mac OS X v10.2 and above. Users of Mac OS X v10.1 will still be able to use Firefox versions from the 1.0.x branch.
PSP updates firmware to their popular game system. Because of the upgrade, the internal clocks went from 266 mHz to 333.
ZAP (which stands for Zero Air Pollution) announced another new entry to its electric car stable, a sedan that will reach top speeds of 100 mph, and will have a 100-mile range between charges. This car has yet to be seen, so it’s classified as “Vaporware”
Apple passes Amazon to become the #3 music retailer.
3 armed men walked into a Texas store with guns and robbed them blind. What did they take? Cell phones. $50k of them.
Gartner announces that they have counted over a billion computers have been sold. Further, they announce that by 2014, there will be 2 billion computers sold.
HP announces Tru64 Unix Advanced File System will be available under the open-source General Public License, version 2.
Oracle acquires Skywire, who develops software designed to manage insurance policies from their initial creation, rating and oversight by insurance agents and brokers.
Disney sells Movies.com to Fandango for an undisclosed amount.
MySpace announced 300 job cuts on their international staff. That is in addition to the 500 jobs it announced the week before.
Although he wasn’t working, Steve Jobs returned to Apple HQ for the first time in 6 months It was reported he had a liver transplant.
Intel and Nokia pair up on a “long term relationship” to produce chips for mobile devices.